Gender Effects in Self-Esteem, Friends and family Functioning and Resilience Amongst Juvenile Delinquents in Malaysia
Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. & Hum. 19 (S): 1 - almost eight (2011)
ISSN: 0128-7702 © Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Gender Results on Self-pride, Family Performing and Resilience among Child Delinquents in Malaysia A. S. Arokiaraj*, R. Nasir and Watts. S. Wan Shahrazad Institution of Psychology and Human Development, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia 2. E-mail: [email protected] com FUZY Resilience is a very important aspect of each and every individual's lifestyle. Individual characteristics such as self-esteem and family members characteristics including family adaptability and family cohesion create both risk and safety factors in an individual's environment. The objective of this kind of research is to determine the relationships that exist between strength, self-esteem, friends and family adaptability and family cohesion of child delinquents when considering the effect of gender. Respondents were 134 juvenile delinquents (44 guys and 90 females) by two teen delinquent schools in Malaysia who required part from this exploratory cross-sectional survey study design by simply responding to The Resilience Size, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Level and The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scales II. Benefits showed that self–esteem, friends and family cohesion and family versatility together with sexuality did not create a significant connection effect with resilience. Keywords: Self–esteem, relatives functioning, strength, juvenile delinquents
INTRODUCTION Moving into a continuously evolving and advancing community improves persons' quality of life. Nevertheless , they also are more prone to negative forces, leading to their participation in a vast range of cultural problems, which in turn arise due to the challenging conditions they face every day (Laird, 2004; Laursen, 2005). In Malaysia, the rates of juvenile criminal offenses had improved steadily from 2002 to 2009 the place that the number of chaotic crimes by simply juvenile offenders such as afeitado, molest, and armed robbery had almost doubled by 1105 instances to 2394 cases. Based upon police information, the number of chaotic crimes committed by child offenders up to August 2010 was 860 (Hariati, 2010). Out of 2899 drug addicts identified in the year 2009, 43. 29% had been relapse situations. On an normal, five fresh addicts and 4 relapse lovers were found out everyday Received: 3 Might 2011 Accepted: 28 Come july 1st 2011 2. Corresponding Publisher
throughout the period of January to November 2009 (National Anti Drug Organization, Ministry of Home Affairs, 2009). Generally, an environment involves the individual, his or her family, university and community. All these conditions are connected and hence, the existence of possible risk and protective factors impact each other by social human relationships formed as well as its qualities. Adolescents faced with even more risk factors are prone to participate in high-risk behaviors (Ahern et 's., 2008). For example, Mayzer (2004) stated that participants with lower self-pride were connected with an rising pattern of aggressive behavior. Adolescent's aggression had been associated with more social problems, family expressiveness, physical discipline, and negative control but much less family cohesion. Some predictors of late
A. H. Arokiaraj, L. Nasir and W. H. Wan Shahrazad
behaviors and aggression involved more mother's psychopathology, interpersonal problems, and family turmoil with an addition of obtaining lower global self-esteem in predicting hostility but not late behavior. Arsenic intoxication protective factors within an individual's environment make them achieve equilibrium to settle on the right track and protect them coming from succumbing for their vulnerability for making decisions and in their activities (Brooks, 06\; Knight, 3 years ago; Anthony ou al., 2009; Ungar ain al., 2007; Kumpfer, 1999). Resilience is actually a personal source and is understood to be the ability to positively adapt and cope efficiently, during or after experiencing demanding or dangerous situations, in addition to the face of adversity,...