HEDONISM 05.09.2019

Dominique Howard

PHL 210

Dr . Haramia



In The Picture of Dorian Gray simply by Oscar Schwanzgeile, " Dorian's story plays upon the timeless theme of selling your soul in return for earthly pleasures, as well as the inevitable devastation that results coming from prizing beauty and cosmetic experience more than everything else. Dorian Gray and its particular protagonist are becoming synonymous with all the pursuit of pleasure in which concerns of good and evil are irrelevant…” (Shmoop Editorial Team). Throughout the lifestyle of Dorian Gray we come across that he and his close friends pursued a very hedonistic lifestyle, one constructed around creating self-happiness despite how this affected other folks and finally themselves. Jointly begins exploring hedonism, the belief that the only thing that is usually intrinsically useful is joy, one must understand what this accepts, how it works not, and what is still left to issue. Epicurus, the first Hedonist, taught his students that " their actions happen to be governed by seeking pleasure and steering clear of pain” (Dean). As aforementioned, hedonism may be the idea that happiness, or optimum pleasure and minimal discomfort, is the just intrinsically useful thing pertaining to an individual. Basically, pleasure may be the ultimate great and pain is the greatest bad. While using basic definition of hedonism provided by Epicurus, it made future philosophers, like John Stuart Mill, Jean Kazez and Robert Nozick, issue things like: What else anytime is important? Is joy the only thing you need to ever target? What is the importance of living a great autonomous life? And, might one pick reality above the mere knowledge? Here we all begin to see the arguments and concerns in relation to the basic principle of hedonism. From this paper, Let me not discuss all of these arguments, but Let me discuss one of the most prominent arguments to hedonism: first, " The Cortege of the Swine” by John Stuart Work; second, Robert Nozick " The Experience Machine”; and previous, the paradoxon of hedonism. The 1st argument against/objection to hedonism I will present to you was initially presented simply by John Stuart Mill, " The Doctrine of the Swine”. Mill says, " It is better to be a human being than a this halloween satisfied; far better to be Socrates dissatisfied when compared to a fool satisfied”. Though Work believes delight to be the greatest principle of morality, his quote is saying that there is a hierarchy of enjoyment not just a your life aimlessly popular temporary happiness. He disagrees with Epicurus saying that one cannot just focus on personal, physical delight, exemplified with all the demise of our friend Dorian Gray pointed out at the beginning. Consequently , some delights have more happiness value than others; that means, happiness and pleasure can be found in different qualities and quantities. To understand this is to understand that, as best described by Work, there are the base/sensual pleasures like love-making and your higher, more useful pleasures just like enhancing a person's intellect by reading the dictionary for your is only open to man; basically, it is better to become an informed or maybe a cultured person than individual who gets enjoyment out of the things that a this halloween or a great " airhead” would (Bramann). He believes that the thought of people only working to merely be satisfied is degrading to human nature; we are not pigs laying in the dirt basking in the sun. The issue with this argument/objective is what makes one form of delight better than the other for the individual? What if someone is aware of the " value” of your form of delight as made the decision by Generator, but constantly chooses the reduced form, like partying every single weekend and not studying? Generator answers this kind of by saying people who are acquainted with the joys of the intellect as well as the delights of ‘mere sensation' are competent idol judges who can choose pleasures are definitely more desirable (Bramann). The idea lurking behind this being if an individual likes the two A and B, nevertheless likes A much more than B, A is usually both even more desirable as well as the most hedonistic choice for the person despite its area in the hierarchy. For example , I really like...

Cited: Shmoop Editorial Group. " The Picture of Dorian Gray. " Shmoop. com. Shmoop College or university, Inc., 10 Nov. 08. Web. 18 Mar. 2015.

Dean, Jeremy. " Hedonist Philosopher Epicurus Was Right About Delight (Mostly) -PsyBlog. " PsyBlog RSS. N. p., 31 Dec. 2007. Web. 16 Mar. 2015.

Bramann, Jorn. " T. S. Work. " M. S. Generator. Philosophical Films: A Special Topics Course, and. d. Net. 18 Mar. 2015.

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